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搅拌车中冷增压发动机作用有哪些?

来源:http://www.sdzkjf.cn/ 日期:2021-10-03 发布人:zhongke
混凝土自动上料搅拌车是在建筑工地更常见的一种专用车辆,建筑工地上一般路况都不好,而搅拌车因为运输介质是混凝土,重量又比较大,所以在发动机的选择上多选马力大,动力足的,在购买车辆的时候,我们常常听说中冷增压发动机、涡轮增压发动。
Automatic concrete loading mixer is a special vehicle more common in construction sites. Generally, the road conditions on construction sites are not good. Because the transportation medium of mixer is concrete and its weight is relatively large, it is more likely to choose engines with high horsepower and sufficient power. When buying vehicles, we often hear of Intercooled supercharged engines and turbocharged engines.
中冷增压就是当涡轮增压器将新鲜空气压缩经中段冷却器冷却,然后经进气管、进气门流至汽缸燃烧室。有效的中冷技术可使增压温度下降到50摄氏度以下,有助于减少废气的排放和提高燃油的经济性。
Intercooling supercharging is when the turbocharger compresses the fresh air, cools it through the middle cooler, and then flows to the cylinder combustion chamber through the air inlet pipe and inlet valve. Effective intercooling technology can reduce the boost temperature below 50 ℃, which helps to reduce exhaust emissions and improve fuel economy.
自上料水泥搅拌车
中冷增压实际上是一种空气压缩机,通过压缩空气来增加进气量,它是利用发动机排出的废气惯性冲力来推动涡轮室内的涡轮,涡轮又带动同轴的叶轮,叶轮压送空气滤清器送来的空气,使之增压进入气缸。当发动机转速增快,废气排出速度与涡轮转速也同步增快,叶轮就压缩更多的空气进入气缸,空气的压力和密度增大可以燃烧更多的燃料,相应增加燃料和调整一下发动机的转速,就可以增加发动机的输出功率。
Intercooling supercharging is actually an air compressor, which increases the air intake through compressed air. It uses the inertial impulse of the exhaust gas discharged by the engine to drive the turbine in the turbine chamber. The turbine drives the coaxial impeller, which presses the air sent by the air filter to increase the pressure into the cylinder. When the engine speed increases, the exhaust gas discharge speed increases synchronously with the turbine speed, and the impeller compresses more air into the cylinder. The increase of air pressure and density can burn more fuel. By increasing the fuel and adjusting the engine speed, the output power of the engine can be increased.
中冷增压系统平时是不工作的,只有当车辆满载或者达到一定的速度时,中冷增压可以是柴油机在排量不变,重量增加不大的情况下达到增加输出功率的目的,与相同功率的非增压柴油机相比,增压柴油机不仅体积小,重量轻,功率大,而且还降低了单位功率的成本,因此,增压技术不仅广泛应用在柴油机上,现在很多燃油为汽油的车辆也在使用中冷增压系统,它是改善内燃发动机的重要技术手段。
The intercooled supercharging system usually does not work. Only when the vehicle is fully loaded or reaches a certain speed, the intercooled supercharging can increase the output power of the diesel engine under the condition of constant displacement and small weight increase. Compared with the non supercharged diesel engine with the same power, the supercharged diesel engine not only has small volume, light weight and high power, It also reduces the cost per unit power. Therefore, supercharging technology is not only widely used in diesel engines, but also many vehicles with gasoline are using intercooling supercharging system. It is an important technical means to improve internal combustion engines.

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